Keeping the subject matter of the previous chapter in mind, I will begin by expounding on some of its content as well as examining some different theories pertaining to the “Sons of God “. First of all, there are three majorly accepted views of who the Bible is speaking of when it states: the “Sons of God” in Genesis 6, where we see : Genesis 6: 4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.
The first theory, or belief that we will take a look at is the most widely accepted among the more conservative scholars, and conservatively speaking, is probably the easiest to accept. This belief holds that the Sons of God were the Sons of Seth, thought to be the righteous of God, who intermarried with the wicked Daughters of Cain, creating a super-human race. Those who oppose this theory, or at least many who do, say that it is based on the assumption that Seth’s sons were the Sons of God, as the Bible never states that they were. Those who make this claim also point out that the Bible only has this to say about Seth’s first son, Enos, ( Which stands for “Frail”, or “Mortal “)
And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD. It is also a part of their argument that there is more than one interpretation of the last part of this verse, one being : Then began men to call their gods, ( idols, ) by the name of Jehovah.
They also pose the question; If this interpretation actually meant that this was the first time people began to call upon the Lord, then who did Seth, and Adam call to. Which, I will admit raises a rather strong argument. I was able to find one instance which took place after the flood, where God was angered by the Israelites calling Baal, by His name: Or, was probably saying, “Stop calling Baal, God” ?
And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, that thou shalt call me Ishi; and shalt call me no more Baali.
However, if we look in the 3rd Chapter of the Book of Luke, in the lineage of Jesus, we do find this: Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli, 24Which was the son of —- and so on until-—-38Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.—
Still, those opposed to the theory that the “Sons of God” were the sons of Seth, who married with the daughters of Cain, also claim that the sons of Seth were not shown to be more righteous than any of the other people on earth, and that the Bible says that God destroyed all mankind except for Noah and his family, who were the only righteous people found on the earth. In light of the Luke 3, lineage of Joseph, and the fact that Seth was long since passed away, as well as his immediate family of sons, and that Noah was a son of Seth, respectively, I can not dismiss the possibility that
the Bible, when used as the only source, could have been speaking of the sons of Seth in the passage referring to the “Sons of God”. As I have mentioned in an earlier chapter, depending on which Bible Manuscript one uses, Methuselah, Noah’s Grandfather is said to have either lived till the same year that the flood came, or, 14 years after the flood. Fourteen years after the flood According to the Vaticanus Septuagint.
Nevertheless, there is still one problem in the way of accepting the theory that the Bible was speaking of the “Sons of Seth” in Genesis 6:2-4, and that being the Hebrew wording used for “Sons of God”. Throughout the old testament the wording (benei ha-elohim ) is used a total of 5 times, and here are the other 4 in sequence. Daniel 3:25 25 “Look!” he answered, “I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire; and they are not hurt, and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.”[a] ( Note that the New King James version has a click-able footnote … which gives the more accurate, most recently translated meaning for the designation,” Son of God” )
This interpretation is also found in most newer versions of the Bible, and simply states: ( son of the gods )
In the Daniel passage, this would definitely seem more accurate, as Nebuchadnezzar was not yet familiar with the Hebrew religion and it’s entities . Not to mention that as far as we know from what the Bible out right tells us, Jesus was the only “Begotten” son of God, and not until He was born in the little town of Bethlehem was God incarnate through Christ to live among people on earth, something most of Jewry still haven’t grasped from the scriptures, let alone Nebuchadnezzar. He certainly could not have envisioned what “THE SON OF GOD” (JESUS ) would look like 500 years before Jesus was born, but would most likely have been referring to something that the “Babylonian” religion would have been familiar with. ( Whether real or not,) It may be important to point out here, (benei ha-elohim ) in the Old Testament in at least all but the possible verse in question refers to Angels, whether good or bad.
Now there was a day when the ( sons of God ) came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them. If it wasn’t clear in this verse that “Presenting themselves before the Lord” meant literally in Heaven, the next verse seems to answer that question soundly enough.
And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou?Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
We would be hard pressed to claim that the “Sons of God” spoken of in the previous two passages were “Not” Angelic beings.
But, even once more in the book of Job we see the same wording; and in the Hebrew it is once again : ( benei ha-elohim)
Job 2:1 New King James Version
[ Satan Attacks Job’s Health ] Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.
In the final usage of the designation: (Sons of God/benei ha-elohim ) in the Old Testament, there is no doubt as to whom the scriptures were referring to, as man had not yet been created.
In Job 38:4, God asked Job, where were thou when I laid the foundation of the earth…and Job 38:7 reads as follows:
- Job 38:7
When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
Job 38:6-8 (in Context) Job 38 (Whole Chapter)