“City of Enoch”
We will begin our search for the ancient city of Enoch, by first pinpointing the most reasonably accepted location of the Garden of Eden, based on the evidences that we have, starting with the Genesis 2 account. The Genesis rendering of the location goes as follows:
And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. 9And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. 10And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. 11The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; 12And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone. 13And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. 14And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
If you will notice, I have raised certain words in bold print within the foregoing Genesis passage. The reason of my highlighting those words is to point out that the Genesis writer called these 10 places, or at least those with proper noun assignments, by their post-diluvian titles. In other words, regardless of who we attribute the writing of the book of Genesis to, whether it be Moses, or whomever, we surely know that the book was written after the flood, and therefore, those places would bare the names in which the Author was familiar with during his life time. This is an important bit of information for us to make note of in our study, as you soon will see. As I pointed out earlier, the writer of Genesis went to great lengths to show definitive landmarks, and locations, clearly expecting his readers to recognize, and identify with the locations based on his descriptions. That being said, we will now go back into the Bible and see what, if any possible clues it may offer as to where Eden was located.
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, , and Asshur and Chilmad, were thy merchants.
Here we see that Ezekial refers to Eden as being an actual area , or town, existing during his time, while delivering a message from God , and pointing out some of the merchants that traded with the great city of Tyre. All of which, run in sequence within the verse, just as their geographical locations would be seen on a map, or an aerial view ( as our study will show) of Southern Babylonia. Hence, we will take a closer look now at that localized area, the names, and explore the modern day excavations and archeological findings, to see if a picture isn’t after all, still worth a thousand words. But, first let me point out that Babylonia was located in the area later known as Mesopotamia, which is Greek for: (Between the two Rivers) The map seen here can be viewed in more detail, along with other detailed information, and links @ BIBLE HISTORY.COM What we see on this map of the ancient Babylonia area aligns the two ( Presently named and identified today,) rivers described in the book of Genesis account almost as precisely as one could ask for. Undoubtedly, it also shows us that the trade rout along those rivers, especially when considering that most of the earths population, in those days were located within the same general area, was the most efficient possible scenario for it’s time, and would even be unto this present day. The next map that we see shows more of the then (Genesis Writers) names of the towns, as well as what they were called in a much later time in history, ie; (Assher/Assyria,) by the time of the fall of Samaria, ( Israel, ) to the Assyrians, in 722 B.C. The red line in the map shows the trail that the deported Israelites would have been marched off from Samaria into Assyria, and the Median provinces. I only added this map to help us to see the changes and to stay on track with the two named rivers in the Genesis 2 account, of the Euphrates, and the Tigris, ( Hiddekel.) In our continued search, however, I will turn your attention, and mine, to the not so spelled out, nor easily authenticated names, and locations of the other two rivers, beginning with the first one in which the Genesis writer labels as the “Pison“. (Strongs #06376>Pee-Shone) As one attempts to locate, or equate this river to another known river of the more modern times, (as many have attributed it to dozens) they will soon realize that it is not an easy task to say the least. One could rely on the countless geographical studies, maps, outlines and reviews of the equally innumerable experts, geologist, and Bible land explorers from the past to determine which, if any of the many rivers in the ocean of possibilities could be the river Pison. However, in doing so, one will succumb to the realization, that in the end of all the reading, mapping, googeling, study and gasps, they will still have to either rely on eenie meanie, miney mo, or the casting of lots to choose one. Other than praying for divine revelation into the matter, in which, I have certainly done, I have decided to go with a more personal, technique, or at least, a personal study rather than to rely on someone else’s predetermined conclusion in the matter, and that technique is one of deductive reasoning based on the clues that we are given, beginning in the beginning of it all…the Genesis account.
The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;